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網站的組成
[來源:www.jzrmry.live] [作者:567zx] [日期:19-02-22] [瀏覽次數:]

網站的組成
Composition of the website
在早期,域名、空間服務器與程序是網站的基本組成部分,隨著科技的不斷進步,網站的組成也日趨復雜,目前多數網站由域名、空間服務器、DNS域名解析、網站程序、數據庫等組成。
In the early days, domain names, spatial servers and programs were the basic components of websites. With the continuous progress of science and technology, the composition of websites became more and more complex. At present, most websites are composed of domain names, spatial servers, DNS domain name resolution, website procedures, databases and so on.
域名
domain name
域名(Domain Name),是由一串用點分隔的字母組成的Internet上某一臺計算機或計算機組的名稱。用于在數據傳輸時標識計算機的電子方位(有時也指地理位置),域名
Domain Name is the name of a computer or group of computers on the Internet, which consists of a series of dot-separated letters. Used to identify the computer's electronic location (sometimes geographic location) and domain name in data transmission
已經成為互聯網的品牌、網上商標保護必備的產品之一。通俗的說,域名就相當于一個家庭的門牌號碼,別人通過這個號碼可以很容易的找到你。以一個常見的域名為例說明,baidu網址是由二部分組成,標號“baidu”是這個域名的主域名體,而最后的標號“com”則是該域名的后綴,代表的這是一個com國際域名,是頂級域名。而前面的www.是網絡名, 為www的域名。
It has become one of the indispensable products for Internet brand and online trademark protection. Generally speaking, a domain name is equivalent to a family's door number, through which others can easily find you. Taking a common domain name as an example, the Baidu website is composed of two parts. The label "Baidu" is the main domain name of the domain name, while the last label "com" is the suffix of the domain name, representing a com international domain name and a top-level domain name. The previous www. is the network name, the domain name of www.
DNS規定,域名中的標號都由英文字母和數字組成。每一個標號不超過63個字符,也不區分大小寫字母。標號中除連字符(-)外不能使用其他的標點符號。級別最低的域名寫在最左邊,而級別最高的域名寫在最右邊。
DNS stipulates that the labels in domain names are composed of letters and numbers in English. Each label does not exceed 63 characters and does not distinguish between upper and lower case letters. No punctuation except hyphens (-) can be used in labels. The lowest level domain name is written on the leftmost side, while the highest level domain name is written on the rightmost side.
空間
space
常見網站空間:虛擬主機,虛擬空間,獨立服務器,云主機,VPS。
Common Web Site Space: Virtual Host, Virtual Space, Independent Server, Cloud Host, VPS.
虛擬主機是在網絡服務器上劃分出一定的磁盤空間供用戶放置站點、應用組件等;提供必要的站點功能、數據存放和傳輸功能。所謂虛擬主機,也叫“網站空間”,就是把一臺運行在互聯網上的服務器劃分成多個“虛擬”的服務器。每一個虛擬主機都具有獨立的域名和完整的Internet服務器(支持WWW、FTP、E-mail等)功能。虛擬主機是網絡發展的福音,極大的促進了網絡技術的應用和普及。同時虛擬主機的租用服務也成了網絡時代新的經濟形式。虛擬主機的租用類似于房屋租用。
Virtual host is to divide a certain disk space on the network server for users to place sites, application components, etc. It provides necessary site functions, data storage and transmission functions. The so-called virtual host, also known as "website space", is to divide a server running on the Internet into several "virtual" servers. Each virtual host has its own domain name and complete Internet server (supporting WWW, FTP, E-mail, etc.). Virtual host is the gospel of network development, which greatly promotes the application and popularization of network technology. At the same time, the rental service of virtual hosts has become a new economic form in the network era. The rental of virtual hosts is similar to that of houses.
VPS即指虛擬專用服務器,是將一個服務器分區成多個虛擬獨立專享服務器的技術。每個使用VPS技術的虛擬獨立服務器擁有各自獨立的公網IP地址、操作系統、硬盤空間、內存空間、CPU資源等,還可以進行安裝程序、重啟服務器等操作,與運行一臺獨立服務器完全相同。
VPS refers to virtual private servers, which is the technology of partitioning a server into multiple virtual independent proprietary servers. Each virtual independent server using VPS technology has its own independent public network IP address, operating system, hard disk space, memory space, CPU resources, etc. It can also install programs, restart servers and other operations, exactly the same as running an independent server.
程序源代碼
program source code
程序即建設與修改網站所使用的編程語言,換成源代碼就是一堆按一定格式書寫的文字和符號。
The program is the programming language used to construct and modify the website, and the source code is a pile of words and symbols written in a certain format.
“比如在這個網頁上右鍵鼠標,選擇查看源文件,出來一個記事本,里面的內容就是此網頁的源代碼。”這句話就體現了他們的關系,此處的源文件是指網頁的源代碼,而源代碼就是源文件的內容,所以又可以稱做網頁的源代碼。
"For example, on this page, right-click the mouse, choose to view the source file, come out of a notepad, the content is the source code of this page." This sentence reflects their relationship, where the source file refers to the source code of the web page, and the source code is the content of the source file, so it can be called the source code of the web page.
源代碼是指原始代碼,可以是任何語言代碼。
Source code refers to the original code, which can be any language code.
匯編碼是指源代碼編譯后的代碼,通常為二進制文件,比如DLL、EXE、.NET中間代碼、JAVA中間代碼等。
Assembly code refers to code compiled from source code, usually binary files, such as DLL, EXE,. NET intermediate code, JAVA intermediate code, etc.
高級語言通常指C/C++ 、 BASIC、C# 、JAVA、PASCAL 等等  匯編語言就是ASM,只有這個,比這個更低級的就是機器語言了。
High-level languages usually refer to assembly languages such as C/C++, BASIC, C#, JAVA, PASCAL and so on. ASM is the only assembly language. Machine language is the lower level than this.
瀏覽器就好像程序的編譯器,它會幫我們把源代碼翻譯成看到的模樣。
Browsers are like compilers of programs, which help us translate the source code into what we see.

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